Tuesday's elections are anything but dull. From the Eastern Seaboard to the Pacific Northwest, there's a colorful and compelling roster of political contests. Although there isn't anything close to the drama of an Election Day in a presidential year, many of the races have national implications.
In Boston and New York, it's the end of a political era as those cities prepare to replace longtime mayors. In New Jersey and Virginia, there are high-profile gubernatorial races that could shape the future of the Republican Party — and possibly the 2016 presidential race. Among the lesser-known contests, an Alabama special congressional runoff lays out the battle lines in the GOP's civil war in stark detail.
Here are nine races to watch Tuesday:
New Jersey Governor
Almost everyone expects Republican Gov. Chris Christie to win re-election. The only question is by how much.
The margin matters a great deal because a blowout Christie win will serve as his springboard into the 2016 presidential race. He doesn't even try to deny it anymore. A runaway victory Tuesday will provide Christie with a compelling case for a 2016 candidacy — especially if he shows coattails in state legislative races, or any kind of traction with African-American or Hispanic voters.
He'll be positioned to argue that he's a conservative who can win in one of the most Democratic states in the nation, and his winning record in a state that President Obama carried by 17 percentage points will be hard for Republicans to ignore after two consecutive GOP presidential losses.
Republican Ken Cuccinelli has trailed in the polls for months. He's struggled to connect with independents and female voters. Even among Republicans, his numbers aren't stellar.
The outlook seems grim for the conservative Cuccinelli, the state's polarizing attorney general, but there's one saving grace: Democratic nominee Terry McAuliffe, the former Democratic National Committee chairman, has been criticized for being a little too slick and superficial, and he's failed to put the race away.
If McAuliffe wins, his victory will put a close Clinton family ally in the governorship of a key swing state. And it will mark the first time since 1973 that Virginia voters elect a governor from the political party of the sitting president.
Alabama Special Congressional Runoff
There's a reason you've heard next to nothing about this special election: It's an overwhelmingly Republican seat, one that's all but certain to send a new GOP congressman to Washington. But the kind of Republican who wins Tuesday is why this southern Alabama race matters.
The 1st District contest is a classic match-up between an establishment-backed conservative, Bradley Byrne, and a Tea Party-oriented foe, Dean Young. Byrne is a former state senator and candidate for governor who's gotten a late infusion of cash and support from House GOP leaders and the Chamber of Commerce. Young, who's powered by conservative grassroots energy, has a penchant for making controversial remarks and says he wouldn't vote for John Boehner for speaker.
Young described his style this way during a recent radio interview: "[Voters should get] a big ole thing of popcorn and a Big Super Gulp and lean back and turn on C-SPAN. Because I promise you, I will stand on the floor of the House and stand for the principles that we believe in that made this nation great."
Byrne said of his opponent: "I think if he were elected he would be an embarrassment to the Republican Party and an embarrassment to our district."
Virginia Attorney General
This down-ballot race wouldn't be so important if not for the prospect of a Democratic sweep of Virginia's top offices. With Republicans bracing for defeat in the governor's race and an even bigger loss in the lieutenant governor's race, that leaves this neck-and-neck contest for attorney general as the party's last, best hope.
Republicans have poured cash into state Sen. Mark Obenshain's campaign in an attempt to overcome the efforts of another state senator, Democrat Mark Herring, to portray Obenshain as a right-wing ideologue — the same criticism lodged against the GOP's other statewide nominees.
Washington State Senate
With its avalanche of out-of-state and independent group spending — at least $2.5 million has poured in — the special election in Washington's 26th Legislative District now ranks as the most expensive legislative race in state history. Among the big spenders: liberal California hedge fund billionaire Thomas Steyer.
Why the interest in this relatively obscure Puget Sound-area seat? Republican state Rep. Jan Angel has ties to the American Legislative Exchange Council, a pro-corporate, conservative group that's under attack from progressives, and both parties view the election between Angel and Democratic state Sen. Nathan Schlicher as pivotal to control the closely divided state Senate in 2014.
New York Mayor
It's hard to believe: America's largest city hasn't elected a Democratic mayor since 1989. But New York is poised to break that streak this year by electing Democrat Bill de Blasio, the city's public advocate.
De Blasio, who has a formidable lead in the polls over Republican Joe Lhota, has promised a dramatic break from the policies of outgoing three-term Mayor Michael Bloomberg — in fact, he has described his vision as an "unapologetic progressive alternative to the Bloomberg era."
In the close race to succeed Tom Menino, Boston's longest-serving mayor, there are notable stylistic differences between the two progressive candidates vying to succeed him: Backers of state Rep. Marty Walsh, the son of Irish immigrants, have framed City Councilor John Connolly as a "son of privilege."
But there aren't many major policy differences between Connolly and Walsh. Education policy has emerged as a key issue, with Connolly embracing the role of reformer. Another key flashpoint: Walsh's close relationship with labor unions and its effect on his ability to govern.
Boston mayoral races are officially nonpartisan, but the city hasn't elected a Republican to City Hall since 1926.
In another battle between two progressives, Mayor Mike McGinn is at risk of being ousted after a single term. Polls have shown his opponent, state Sen. Ed Murray, with a comfortable lead, and Murray's liberal record — he helped shepherd passage of the state's gay marriage legislation — has insulated him from some of McGinn's attacks in the heavily Democratic city.
McGinn's predicament is somewhat unusual: Seattle's economy continues to hum and the mayor isn't enmeshed in scandal. But his confrontational style has proved abrasive enough to alienate many, and Murray has gotten traction with the promise of a more inclusive and less provocative governing style.
Nassau County, N.Y., County Executive
In the decades following World War II, Nassau County was home to the nation's pre-eminent suburban Republican machine. But the GOP's hold on the giant Long Island suburb began to loosen in the 1990s. By 2002 the unthinkable happened: A Democrat, Tom Suozzi, won the powerful post of county executive.
In a harbinger of the national Republican sweep to come — and its focus on taxes, debt and spending — the GOP knocked off Suozzi in a 2009 upset. But now he's back, looking to unseat GOP County Executive Edward Mangano in a rematch. Demographics — the county continues to become more Democratic and more diverse — and the national GOP brand are working against Mangano. But the issues in play — property taxes, debt, spending, the county's longstanding troubled finances — could work to his advantage.
Either way, the outcome is likely to provide valuable insights into the mood of the suburban electorate.
AUDIE CORNISH, HOST:
From NPR News, this is ALL THINGS CONSIDERED. I'm Audie Cornish, this week at NPR West in California.
MELISSA BLOCK, HOST:
And I'm Melissa Block in Washington, D.C.
It is election day across the country. And while tonight's results may lack the drama of a presidential election year, some of the races have national implications.
In New Jersey and Virginia, there are high-profile gubernatorial races. Those elections could shape the future of the Republican Party and perhaps the next presidential race. Among the lesser known contests, there's a special congressional runoff in Alabama that perfectly displays the broader rift in the GOP. And Boston and New York City are both ending political eras as they replace long-time mayors.
Joining us to talk about these races is NPR digital political editor Charlie Mahtesian. Hey, Charlie.
CHARLES MAHTESIAN, BYLINE: Hi, Melissa.
BLOCK: And let's start with those two big gubernatorial elections that I mentioned. First, let's talk about the race in New Jersey where the Republican Governor Chris Christie is asking for voters for a second term.
MAHTESIAN: Well, this is a race where all the evidence points to a pretty clear path to re-election for Republican Governor Christie over Democrat Barbara Buono. But the margin that Christie wins by is a pretty big deal because this is a situation where a big win will serve as a springboard to a 2016 presidential bid for Christie, especially if the governor shows any kind of coattails and state legislative races or gets any kind of traction with Hispanic voters or African-American voters.
And so while the governor rubs a lot of conservatives the wrong way, his pretty straightforward and down-to-earth political style has made him very popular in New Jersey. And so a landslide victory in one of the nation's most Democratic states would give him a pretty compelling case to make for a presidential candidacy. Republicans have always had this kind of soft spot for governors as nominees, and Christie will be positioned very well to argue in 2016 that he's a conservative with blue state appeal, which will be very hard for Republicans to ignore especially after two consecutive presidential losses.
BLOCK: Well, let's move on to Virginia. There's a lot of outside money that has poured into the governor's race there. How does it look?
MAHTESIAN: Well, Republican prospects are a lot dimmer in Virginia than New Jersey. And in Virginia where Democrat-turned McAuliffe has led in the polls for months, GOP nominee Ken Cuccinelli has been badly outspent, and he's really struggled to connect with independent voters and with female voters. That's not to say McAuliffe doesn't have his own problems. Polling suggests that voters find him maybe a little too glib and a little too superficial. It's not entirely clear what kind of turnout he can expect from traditionally democratic African-American voters.
But all in all in Virginia, Republicans are the ones who are bracing for the worst because since the Republican outlook in both the governor's race and the lieutenant governor's race isn't promising, many insiders in Virginia are holding their breath and watching the attorney general's race very closely because at the moment, that seems to be the party's best chance of avoiding a democratic sweep of all the state's top offices.
BLOCK: I mentioned the runoff in Alabama for a special election to fill a vacancy. It's a congressional race that exhibits all the forces fighting for control of the GOP that we've been talking about. And it's a race that is getting national attention.
MAHTESIAN: Right. And typically, this is the kind of race that flies under the radar because it's a heavily Republican seat that's all but certain to replace its Republican congressman with a new Republican congressman. So the likely outcome isn't going to change the balance of power in Congress. But the twist is, in this case, the kind of Republican who wins the runoff today makes a very big difference.
On the one side, you've got an establishment-backed conservative named Bradley Byrne. He's the beneficiary of - infusion of cash and support from House Republican leaders, and also, more important, from the Chamber of Commerce. On the other side, Bradley Byrne's opponent, Dean Young, hails from the Tea Party wing of the Republican Party. His campaign is powered by conservative grassroots energy since he's being badly outspent and he needs that kind of energy. And it's also notable that Young has gone out and publicly said he will not vote for speaker - House Speaker John Boehner.
BLOCK: And briefly, let's just talk quickly about the mayoral elections in Boston and New York City.
MAHTESIAN: Well, there's a big roster of mayoral elections across the map and places that (unintelligible) in Seattle, in Minneapolis, Detroit, Boston and New York. And I think Boston and New York are probably the most interesting or at least noteworthy today because it's the end of a political era in both of those cities as they prepare to replace long-time mayors Tom Menino and Michael Bloomberg.
BLOCK: OK. That's NPR digital political editor Charlie Mahtesian. Charlie, thanks so much.
MAHTESIAN: Thank you, Melissa. Transcript provided by NPR, Copyright NPR.