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How Hairdressers Can Help Fight Skin Cancer

<p>Hair stylists already spend a lot of time staring at the back of people's heads. Researchers thought: Why not train them to check for suspicious lesions and other signs of skin cancer while they're at it?</p>
Seth Wenig

Hair stylists already spend a lot of time staring at the back of people's heads. Researchers thought: Why not train them to check for suspicious lesions and other signs of skin cancer while they're at it?

We here at Shots have long considered our trips to the hair salon to be good for our mental health: A pampering head massage in the shampoo chair can be amazingly relaxing.

Public officials think hair stylists could play a vital role in physical health, too, by helping spot potentially cancerous skin lesions on their clients' scalp, neck and face. Research published Monday in the Archives of Dermatology suggests some stylists and barbers are already informally performing these skin cancer exams on clients.

In a survey of 203 Houston-area hair salon workers, 58 percent of respondents told researchers from Harvard's School of Public Health that they had urged a client at least once to get a mole checked out by a medical professional.

"Almost every dermatologist I've talked to anecdotally has said to me, Yes, I've had a melanoma case referred to me by a hair professional," Alan Geller, a senior lecturer at Harvard and study co-author, tells Shots.

Hairdressers and barbers tend to enjoy an easy rapport with clients, see them regularly and often share advice with them. All of which explains why, over the years, public health officials have recruited salon workers' help in various health awareness campaigns — such as encouraging women to seek mammograms and men to get prostate screenings. Many of these efforts have focused on reaching minority communities.

Getting hair salons to help in the fight against head and neck cancers made a lot of sense to Geller and his colleagues: Stylists and barbers spend much of their time staring at their clients' scalps and necks. Over a lifetime, these areas receive a ton of exposure to the sun's UV rays.

More than 80 percent of the most common types of skin cancers — squamous cell carcinomas and basal cell carcinomas — occur on the scalp, neck and face. And melanomas, the most dangerous form of skin cancer, tend to be "disproportionately fatal" on the scalp, Geller says, perhaps because an exhaustive exam of the head and hair isn't a standard part of most visits to the doctor.

"We asked ourselves, who might be most predisposed to looking at the neck and face?" Gellar says. He and his colleagues wanted to know if hair professionals would be willing to receive more formal training in spotting different types of skin cancers; 49 percent of survey respondents said yes.

Even without training, many of the hair care workers were already performing their own exams. The survey found 37 percent said they had checked out more than half of their clients' scalps in the month prior to the survey, which was conducted in January 2010. About a third said they'd looked at more than half of clients' necks.

Geller and his colleagues are now working with the Melanoma Foundation of New England to develop a statewide program to train hair professionals in Massachusetts on how to recognize potential signs of skin cancer. It should be up and running later this year.

Geller acknowledges it's possible some hair stylists may cause needless worry in clients by pointing out moles and lesions that turn out to be harmless. "I think the best way that we're trying to reassure customers," he says, "is to have hair professionals say, 'I'm not an expert. But maybe the most important thing you can do is to see your doctor as soon as possible.' "

Copyright 2021 NPR. To see more, visit https://www.npr.org.

Maria Godoy
Maria Godoy is a senior science and health editor and correspondent with NPR News. Her reporting can be heard across NPR's news shows and podcasts. She is also one of the hosts of NPR's Life Kit.