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In this KUNM series, reporter Laura Paskus explores natural gas drilling and the burgeoning oil industry in northwestern New Mexico--its benefits, impacts, and future. Funding provided by the New Venture Fund.

New Mexico's Methane Problem

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Laura Paskus
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Last week, The Washington Post ran a story about the enormous plume of methane being produced in New Mexico.

As reporter Joby Warrick writes:

Satellites that sweep over energy-rich northern New Mexico can spot the gas as it escapes from drilling rigs, compressors and miles of pipeline snaking across the badlands. In the air it forms a giant plume: a permanent, Delaware-sized methane cloud, so vast that scientists questioned their own data when they first studied it three years ago. “We couldn’t be sure that the signal was real,” said NASA researcher Christian Frankenberg. The country’s biggest methane “hot spot,”verified by NASA and University of Michigan scientists in October, is only the most dramatic example of what scientists describe as a $2 billion leak problem: the loss of methane from energy production sites across the country.

According to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, methane is the second most prevalent greenhouse gas--those gases, like carbon dioxide, are responsible for the changing climate--in the United States. And the American Geophysical Union produced a report this year on the Four Corners methane hotspot.

The Post article includes a link to a FLIR video made by the nonprofit Earthworks showing emissions coming from the Val Verde Blanco Plant in Bloomfield, N.M.

FLIR, or Forward Looking Infrared, cameras can reveal more than 20 types of gases not visible to the naked eye, including methane, benzene, butane, ethanol, and propylene.

That's not the only FLIR video available for New Mexico. In September, Earthworks filmed more than ten videos in northern New Mexico that show leaking emissions. They're all available to view on YouTube:

Gas well venting near McCoy Elementary School, Aztec, N.M.: http://youtu.be/z9rPjlir1fg

Gas well venting in a central Aztec neighborhood  http://youtu.be/2jxYpIank2M

Venting near Aztec City Park http://youtu.be/3tUxrp1splk

Emissions from ConocoPhillips San Juan Gas Plant in Bloomfield http://youtu.be/7uW3-tMSZbU

Devil’s Spring Ranch on U.S. Bureau of Land Management land in New Mexico:

Wellhead leak, venting: http://youtu.be/4m7yGdO-uIA

Venting from two tanks: http://youtu.be/Z4Wv4GJXjSM

Leaking valve box: http://youtu.be/R27fwCjM8aM

Venting from all three tanks: http://youtu.be/CYK5ICsXcnE

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